Vagus Nerve Stimulation: Is the Evidence Convincing?
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is certainly new—but is it effective? It took the FDA a long time to make up its mind, but eventually it approved the treatment in May 2005. (For more details on why the FDA flip-flopped on the issue, see “FDA Approval of VNS,” this issue.) In this article, we scrutinize the two pivotal studies leading to approval.
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Ronald C. Albucher, MD, is the director of counseling and psychological services and clinical assistant professor of psychiatry, Stanford University in Palo Alto, CA.
Steve Balt, MD is a psychiatrist in private practice in the San Francisco Bay area.
Richard Gardiner, MD, is a psychiatrist in private practice in Potter Valley, CA.
Alan D. Lyman, MD, is a child and adolescent psychiatrist in private practice in New York City, NY.
James Megna, MD, PhD, is the director of inpatient psychiatry and an associate professor of psychiatry and medicine at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, NY.
Robert L. Mick, MD, is a contract physician in addiction medicine and military psychiatry in Bloomfield, NY.
Michael Posternak, MD, is a psychiatrist in private practice in Boston, MA.
Glen Spielmans, PhD, is an assistant professor of psychology at Metropolitan State University in St. Paul, MN.
Marcia L. Zuckerman, MD is director of Psychiatric Services at Walden Behavioral Care in Waltham, MA.
All editorial content is peer reviewed by the editorial board. Dr. Albucher, Dr. Balt, Dr. Gardiner, Dr. Goldberg, Dr. Lyman, Dr. Megna, Dr. Mick, Dr. Posternak, Dr. Spielmans, and Dr. Zuckerman have disclosed that they have no relevant financial or other interests in any commercial companies pertaining to this educational activity. Dr. Balt discloses that his spouse is employed as a sales representative for Otsuka America, Inc.