Child Psychiatry

Editor’s Note

Note From the Editor-in-Chief

Topics: Child Psychiatry

In this double issue, we tackle a range of questions. First, does TMS help kids and teens with depression? Is it safe? Since many clinics are advertising TMS, we thought it was worth a close look. This leads us to a broader question: How should we develop and then try to answer the questions that come up in daily clinical practice? Our interview with Dr

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Expert Q&A

Medications for Depression

Topics: adolescents | Child Psychiatry | children | Depression | pediatric | Psychopharmacology | teens | treatment

CCPR: You recently published an article reviewing the ­placebo-controlled trials done over the past 10 years on depression in kids (Ignaszewski MJ and Waslick B, J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2018;Epub ahead of print). Can you tell us about your findings? Dr. Ignaszewski: Historically, there’s been a lot of controversy about the effectiveness of a

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News of Note

FDA Approves Adhansia XR

Topics: Adhansia XR | ADHD | adolescents | Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder | Child Psychiatry | children | extended-release | methylphenidate | News of Note | pediatric | teens | treatment

We are always in need of a new formulation of stimulant medication that might capture a few more of our patients who just do not quite tolerate or respond well enough to the many existing formulations. So whenever a new one is released, we try to set aside our natural skepticism and take a look at the stated facts before judging its merit. Adhansia X

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News of Note

First Non-Drug Treatment Approved by FDA for Treating Children With ADHD

Topics: ADHD | adolescents | Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder | Brain Devices | Child Psychiatry | children | efficacy | eTNS | News of Note | pediatric | safety | teens | treatment | Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation

NeuroSigma made a splash by announcing that the FDA has granted medical device approval for its external Monarch Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System for treating kids with ADHD ages 7–12 who are not currently taking medications. What does medical device approval mean? The FDA reviewed the Monarch eTNS System through the de novo ­pre-market

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Research Update

Prescribing Patterns for Children With Anxiety Disorders

Topics: adolescents | Anxiety | Child Psychiatry | children | medication | prescribing patterns | Research Update | teens | treatment pediatric

Review of: Bushnell GA et al, J Clin Psychiatry 2018;79(1):pii:16m11415 Anxiety disorders are some of the most common conditions we encounter in children and adolescents, and clinicians employ a variety of medications to treat them. This study examined prescribing patterns for the initial treatment of pediatric anxiety. Researchers analyzed a larg

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Research Update

Steroid-Induced Psychosis in the ­Pediatric Population

Topics: adolescents | Child Psychiatry | children | pediatric | Psychosis | Research Update | steroids | teens

Review of: Hodgins GE et al, J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2018;28(5):354–359 Childhood psychosis is a rare disorder, and accurate diagnosis is crucial. Recently, clinicians at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine reported a case of steroid-induced psychosis in a pediatric patient. In the case report, a 12-year-old Haitian girl wa

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Research Update

Risk of Psychosis With Stimulants in ADHD Patients

Topics: ADHD | adolescents | amphetamine | Child Psychiatry | children | medication | methylphenidate | pediatric | Psychosis | Research Update | stimulant | teens

Review of: Moran LV et al, N Engl J Med 2019;380(12):1128–1138 In 2007, the FDA required stimulant manufacturers to warn of possible psychosis with stimulants. But what is the real incidence? This study set out to find and discern if there is a difference between methylphenidate and amphetamine classes of medications. Drawing from two large comm

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Research Update

Melatonin for Insomnia in Patients With Autism

Topics: Autism | Child Psychiatry | Research Update | Sleep Disorders

Review of: Maras A et al, J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2018;28(10):699–710 Treating sleep problems in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is tricky at best. One promising treatment is pediatric prolonged-release melatonin ­(PedPRM) sold under the name Slenyto. In 2017, a randomized controlled trial (funded by the manufacturer) assigned 11

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Article

Psychiatric Aspects of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Adolescents

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Trauma

Editor’s note: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounts for about 90% of all TBI cases in children and adolescents, or about 180 out of every 100,000 cases in the US. With 2 million cases between 2005 and 2009, we are seeing many patients who have TBI as part of their history. How does it affect them? What do we do about it? Dr. Jeffrey Max spoke o

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Expert Q&A

Building Self-Regulation in Children

Topics: Anxiety | Child Psychiatry | Self-Regulation

“Self-regulation” has become a buzz phrase to help children manage stress, become resilient, and stave off depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. To gain a better understanding of this concept, we interviewed Stuart Shanker, PhD, founder and CEO of the MEHRIT Centre (https://self-reg.ca). Dr. Shanker sets up self-regulation program

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Research Update

Rapid-Onset Gender Dysphoria in Adolescents and Young Adults

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Gender Dysphoria | Research Update

Review of: Littman L, PLOS ONE 2018;13(8):e0202330 Rapid-onset gender dysphoria (ROGD) is a newly coined but non-standardized characterization of gender dysphoria (GD). In this conceptualization, GD begins abruptly during or after puberty in adolescents or young adults (AYAs) with no prior symptoms of GD. Clusters of GD outbreaks have been noted by p

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Research Update

How Helpful Is Computerized Testing for ADHD?

Topics: ADHD | Child Psychiatry | Research Update | Technology

Review of: Hollis C et al, J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2018;59(12):1298–1308 With busy clinic schedules and the ever-burgeoning load of documentation, computerized diagnostic aids are in more demand than ever. For ADHD, the gold standard is still a clinical assessment with information from parents and teachers, but those reports are difficult to obt

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Research Update

Would Treating Kids With ADHD Help Their Mothers?

Topics: ADHD | Child Psychiatry | Research Update | Working With Families

Review of: Gokcen C et al, J Child Adolesc Psychopharm 2018;28(5):350–353 Parenting a child with ADHD can be challenging. Parents often report feeling stressed, burned out, or depressed while caring for their children with ADHD. When ADHD medications lead to significant improvements in a child’s behavior, can that alleviate symptoms in parents? A

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Expert Q&A

What to Do About School Refusal? A Conversation With Two Experts

Topics: Child Psychiatry | School Refusal

Editor’s note: School refusal is a common problem, affecting up to 5% of schoolchildren. Even so, there are few clear guidelines on how to manage this problem. After seeing their article on the subject, we were able to talk with a child psychiatrist and a clinical child psychologist who focus a significant portion of their work on treating school refu

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Expert Q&A

Anxiety Everywhere: Grappling With a Pervasive Symptom

Topics: Anxiety | Child Psychiatry

CCPR: Can you tell us a little about your background? Dr. Rynn: I’ve been doing clinical research examining new medications for children with anxiety disorders. My passion is working with children who have failed first-line, evidence-based treatments. How do we help these children? What are our options? I look at new treatments or changing the intens

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Article

Wilderness Therapy: Dangerous Waste of Money or an Effective Therapeutic Intervention?

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Wilderness Therapy Programs

Wilderness therapy programs, aka “outdoor behavioral health programs,” purport to offer structured outdoor experiences for adolescents or adults that lead to psychological shifts and better functioning. Programs vary in length from a few days to months, although 30–90 days is common. The outdoor experiences include camping, canoeing, hiking, rock

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Article

Note From the Editor-in-Chief

Topics: ADHD | Child Psychiatry

In this issue we tackle a range of challenges, including differentiating ADHD from bipolar disorder, understanding suicide risk in college students, managing assertions about the safety of weed, and assessing and treating violent behavior in our patients. How do we think about the future of kids with ADHD? Dr. Mark Katz offers a hopeful approach. We als

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Article

Evaluating and Treating Co-Occurring ADHD and Bipolar Disorder

Topics: ADHD | Bipolar Disorder | Child Psychiatry

Early into the evaluation of a 10-year-old boy, you note the following symptoms: inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, sleep problems, racing thoughts, and moodiness. The boy’s parents came to your office convinced that their son has ADHD, but thinking through the case, you recognize that the same symptoms could signal bipolar disorder (BD). You ha

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Article

Assessing and Treating Violence in Patients

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Practice Tools and Tips

School shootings keep happening in the US, and most of us have wondered at times whether one of our patients might carry out a violent act, shooting or otherwise. This article will help you assess and treat violent youth and advise families who are grappling with these issues. Most people with mental health conditions do not hurt others—our patients

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Article

Antidepressant-Induced Suicidality: What It Is and What You Should Do

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Depressive Disorder | Practice Tools and Tips

Do antidepressants actually cause children to be suicidal? If so, how do we detect it, and what should we do about it? In this article, we’ll give you a brief review of the most recent findings on antidepressant-induced suicidality (AIS) in children and adolescents, and then move on to some practical tips for how to evaluate and prevent this problem.

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