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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) for Depression in Children and Adolescents

Topics: adolescents | Brain Devices | children | Depression | Free Articles | pediatric | safety | teens | TMS | Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Editor’s note: This article is about the “usual” TMS that we have been hearing about for many years. We are covering trigeminal nerve stimulation (eTNS) separately in this issue in a News of Note as it is far newer with far less clarity about its utility. The search for safer treatment With concerns about both safety and efficacy surrounding a

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Research Update

Steroid-Induced Psychosis in the ­Pediatric Population

Topics: adolescents | Child Psychiatry | children | Free Articles | pediatric | Psychosis | Research Update | steroids | teens

Review of: Hodgins GE et al, J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2018;28(5):354–359 Childhood psychosis is a rare disorder, and accurate diagnosis is crucial. Recently, clinicians at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine reported a case of steroid-induced psychosis in a pediatric patient. In the case report, a 12-year-old Haitian girl wa

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Research Update

Risk of Psychosis With Stimulants in ADHD Patients

Topics: ADHD | adolescents | amphetamine | Child Psychiatry | children | Free Articles | Medication | methylphenidate | pediatric | Psychosis | Research Update | stimulant | teens

Review of: Moran LV et al, N Engl J Med 2019;380(12):1128–1138 In 2007, the FDA required stimulant manufacturers to warn of possible psychosis with stimulants. But what is the real incidence? This study set out to find and discern if there is a difference between methylphenidate and amphetamine classes of medications. Drawing from two large comm

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Substance Use Disorders

Topics: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy | Free Articles | Substance Use Disorder

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most widely used psychotherapies. It was developed in the 1960s by Aaron Beck specifically for the treatment of depression, but its core principles were quickly adapted and applied to a variety of diagnoses. We now have evidence-based CBT interventions not only for depression but also for anxiety, PTSD, b

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Clinical Update

Reducing the Stigma of Addiction Through Language and Terminology

Topics: Disparities | Engagement | Free Articles | Opioid Use Disorder | Stigma

The words we use in discussing addiction shape the way our patients, fellow clinicians, and communities think about substance use disorders. Addiction has long been viewed as a moral failing, and the terminology of addiction has reinforced this belief. Here, we review the evidence that documents how terminology can perpetuate—or reduce—the stigma as

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Clinical Update

The “Z-Drugs”: Safety Issues and Misuse Potential

Topics: Anxiety | Clinical practice | Deprescribing | Free Articles | Pharmacology | polypharmacy | prescribing patterns | Risk Management | Sleep | Sleep Disorders

Originally marketed as safer alternatives to benzodiazepines, the Z-drugs—eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), and zolpidem (Ambien)—were considered devoid of misuse potential. But recent data and FDA warnings suggest we’ve been hitting the snooze on them for too long. Here, we review their risks and discuss safe prescribing. Medical risks

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Clinical Update

Harm Reduction Strategies—A Primer

Topics: Free Articles | Hepatitis | HIV | Opioid epidemic | Overdose | Prevention

As is frequently the case with chronic diseases, cure is often neither possible nor an appropriate goal in addiction treatment. That’s where the concept of “harm reduction” comes in. Such strategies can help prevent death, serious injury, or other negative consequences of substance use in patients who are continuing to use drugs or struggle with a

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Expert Q&A

Getting Uncomfortable with Esketamine

Topics: Antidepressant Augmentation | Antidepressants | Brain Devices | Depression | Depressive Disorder | ECT | Esketamine | Free Articles | Ketamine | Neurotoxicity | Novel Medications | rTMS | Suicidality | TMS | Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Esketamine (Spravato) was approved for treatment-resistant depression in 2019. In this interview, Dr. Williams (who has no relationship with Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc) addresses some lingering doubts that have been raised about the medicine. TCPR: Where does esketamine fit in the list of interventional therapies for depression, like repetitive tra

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Clinical Update

A Potentially Lethal Side Effect You Probably Never Heard Of

Topics: Clozapine | FDA Warnings | Free Articles | Management | Psychosis | Schizophrenia

In January 2020, the FDA issued a strong warning about constipation on clozapine. With a fatality rate of 1 in 1000, this is not just a nuisance side effect, and it can happen with other antipsychotics and psychotropics as well. This type of constipation is caused by slowing of the gut, or gastric hypomotility, and it requires a unique approach. Fiber s

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Clinical Update

Oxcarbazepine: Close, but no Cigar

Topics: Bipolar Disorder | Carbamazepine | Free Articles | Mania | Mood Stabilizers | Oxcarbazepine | Pharmacology | Psychopharm Myths | Psychopharmacology

You are selecting a mood stabilizer for a 29-year-old woman with mania. If it works, she’ll need to take it long term, but with adherence rates hovering around 50% in this illness, that’s not a likely prospect. The FDA-approved options are not very high on tolerability, but what about oxcarbazepine? Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) is often used in bipo

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Expert Q&A

Using Mental Health Apps

Topics: Behavior therapy | Brief psychotherapy | Computers in Psychiatric Practice | Free Articles | Health Apps | Therapy during medication appointment | Therapy with Med Management

TCPR: Computer-assisted therapies have been around for decades. What makes mental health apps different? Dr. Torous: Computers have been used to support psychotherapy in many forms—email, video conferencing, texting, and online or desktop programs. Mental health apps take this to another level because they work through a device that most people keep

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Article

A Second Look at Genetic Testing

Topics: Free Articles | GeneSight | Genetic Testing | Pharmacology

Genetic tests are marketed with a bold claim: that a handful of genes can predict medication response. AssureRx’s GeneSight is the most popular of these tests, and in 2015 we reviewed the evidence behind its panel. In short, it was lacking, but the company has just released new data that may move it a little closer to the mainstream. What’s

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Expert Q&A

Practicalities of Providing Volunteer Services for Youth Refugees or Asylum Seekers

Topics: Family Separation | Free Articles | Registered Articles | Trauma

We hear of many children and adolescents who are refugees, most seeking asylum. There are calls for professionals to meet the needs of these people. How hard is it to do this—to take time off from regular practice to work in a different setting? It’s easier than you might think. However, is this kind of work as rewarding as people say? Can it be a r

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News of Note

The FDA Campaigns Against Flavored Tobacco Products

Topics: eCigarettes | Free Articles | Smoking Cessation | Tobacco | Vaping

Electronic cigarette use, or vaping, is becoming increasingly common. Companies manufacturing e-cigarettes advertise them as alternatives to conventional cigarettes and even a pathway to smoking cessation. However, the popularity of vaping has sky-rocketed in high schools across the country with adolescents becoming addicted to nicotine daily. Monitorin

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Article

Does Mania Follow the Sun?

Topics: Bipolar Disorder | Free Articles | Mania

TABLE : SPRINGTIME MANIA Click here for the full PDF table showing sunlight peaks.   If dark nights can treat mania, can too much sunshine destabilize it? Yes and no. Mania is linked to rapid changes in sunlight, but not to the amount of light itself. Mania peaks in early spring when there’s a steep rise in sunlight. By the time the longe

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Article

Prescription CBD Is Available, But Are We Ready to Use It?

Topics: Anxiety | Cannabidiol | Free Articles | Psychopharmacology

Your patient comes in with a new medication on his list: CBD oil. He started taking it for anxiety and wants to know if it’s safe. You hedge, explaining that there is limited information available on unregulated products, but the patient is persistent. He says CBD oil is available as a prescription, and wonders if you could write one for it. Cannab

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Article

Wilderness Therapy: Dangerous Waste of Money or an Effective Therapeutic Intervention?

Topics: Child Psychiatry | Free Articles | Wilderness Therapy Programs

Wilderness therapy programs, aka “outdoor behavioral health programs,” purport to offer structured outdoor experiences for adolescents or adults that lead to psychological shifts and better functioning. Programs vary in length from a few days to months, although 30–90 days is common. The outdoor experiences include camping, canoeing, hiking, rock

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Article

Coffee: Healthy Study Aid or the Addiction We Hate to Acknowledge?

Topics: Addiction | Caffeine | Free Articles | Registered Articles | Substance Abuse

Caffeine permeates our society. It comes in many forms, including coffee and increasingly popular energy drinks. We consume it, and so do our patients. So, is it a harmless habit or a potentially harmful addiction? Let’s take a sip and find out. Is it addictive? The WHO in ICD-10 recognizes the diagnosis of substance dependence due to caffeine, an

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Article

Opioid Treatment Options

Topics: Free Articles | Practice Tools and Tips | Psychopharmacology Tips | Substance Abuse

Opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment can be tricky, in part because it doesn’t respond well to detox and counseling-only approaches. The overwhelming majority of people relapse after such attempts, or even become more vulnerable to overdose because of decreased tolerance after detoxing. And the trajectory in this country is worsening—in 2016, we aver

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Research Update

Does TMS Really Work in Depression?

Topics: Depressive Disorder | Free Articles | Research Update

Review of: Yesavage et al, JAMA Psychiatry 2018;75(9):884–893 Type of study: Randomized, sham-controlled trial Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been FDA-approved for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) since 2008. This non-invasive therapy uses an electromagnetic coil to stimulate electrical activity in the frontal cortex

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