Lithium

Research Update

Which Medications Have the Lowest Risk of Side Effects?

Topics: Antidepressants | Antipsychotics | Lithium | Mood Stabilizers | Psychotropic medication | Side Effects | Stimulants

REVIEW OF: Solmi M et al, World Psychiatry 2020;19(2):214–232 Adverse effects are important considerations when choosing psychotropic medications, especially in children and adolescents. This study pooled available research to compare the safety profiles of various psychotropics used in the pediatric population. The authors screened thousands of st

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Clinical Update

ECT Worked: Now What?

Topics: Antidepressant Augmentation | Depression | Depressive Disorder | ECT | Free Articles | Lithium | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Juan is a 72-year-old man with severe depression who has not responded to numerous antidepressant trials. He is reluctant to undergo a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but agrees to do so if one last medication trial doesn’t work. After failing to respond to escitalopram augmented with aripiprazole, Juan receives a course of ECT and has a te

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Research Update

Maintenance Pharmacotherapy of Bipolar Disorder: How Long Is Long Enough?

Topics: Bipolar Depression | Bipolar Disorder | Bipolar II | Lithium | Medication adherence | Mood Stabilizers | retention

Review of: Kishi T et al, Psychol Med 2020 Oct 13:1–9; PMID: 33046156 Type of study: Meta-analysis of double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trials Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness whose treatment is an ongoing challenge, complicated not least by difficulties in treatment adherence. What do we know and what can we tell our patients about

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Research Update

Mood Stabilizers: What You Don’t Know Can Hurt Them

Topics: Antipsychotics | Aripiprazole | Asenapine | Bipolar Depression | Bipolar Disorder | Bipolar II | Cariprazine | Lithium | Lurasidone | Mania | Medication adherence | Mood Stabilizers | olanzapine | Oxcarbazepine | Pharmacology | Pharmacology Tips | Psychopharmacology | Psychopharmacology Tips | Quetiapine | Research | Research Update | Risperidone | safety | Saphris | Side Effects

Review of: Bai Y et al, J Clin Psychopharmacol 2020;40(2):167–179 STUDY TYPE: Combined meta-analysis and literature review of placebo-controlled trials Medication adherence is an ongoing struggle in bipolar disorder, and it’s compounded by the fact that our patients often don’t advertise their ­non-adherence. While numbers vary, reviews general

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Expert Q&A

Who Should Get Lithium?

Topics: Bipolar Disorder | Bipolar II | Coronavirus | COVID19 | Lithium | Mania | Mood Stabilizers | Pharmacology | Pharmacology Tips | Psychopharmacology | Psychopharmacology Tips

TCPR: Lithium has been called the gold-standard treatment in bipolar disorder. Why is it not used more often? Dr. Rybakowski: That is a paradox. On the one hand, lithium is accepted as a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder, but it is also greatly underutilized. And I think there are two main reasons. One is aggressive promotion of branded mood st

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Research Update

Two Augmentation Strategies Compared in Bipolar I

Topics: Bipolar Disorder | Lithium | Mania | Mood Stabilizers | Oxcarbazepine | Pharmacology | Psychopharmacology | Research | Research Update

Review of: Missio G et al, Trials 2019;20(1):608 STUDY TYPE: Randomized, open-label controlled trial It’s rare to see full recovery in bipolar I disorder with a single medicine, so we often depend on some combination of mood stabilizers and/or antipsychotics. Even then, weight gain and metabolic problems are deal-breakers. Some experts favor the c

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Expert Q&A

The Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project

Topics: Antidepressant Augmentation | Antidepressants | Antipsychotics | Bipolar Disorder | Bupropion | Depression | Depressive Disorder | Escitalopram | Lamictal | Lamotrigine | Lithium | Mood Stabilizers | olanzapine | Psychopharmacology | Psychopharmacology Tips | Wellbutrin

TCPR: What would be the biggest change in practice if psychiatrists followed your algorithms?Dr. Osser: One area is bipolar depression. This is a disorder where there is an exceptionally large deviation between what the evidence says and what people are doing, especially when it comes to antidepressants. They are still being used rampantly, even in pati

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Research Update

Mood Stabilizers and Stroke Risk in Bipolar Disorder

Topics: Bipolar Disorder | Lithium | Medical Comorbidities | Mood Stabilizers | Pharmacology

Review of: Chen PH et al, Br J Psychiatry 2018;1–6. doi:10.1192/bjp.2018.203 Study Type: Case-crossover study People living with bipolar disorder already have a decreased life expectancy of 10+ years compared to the general population (Crump C et al, JAMA Psychiatry 2013;70:931–939). Most of these years of lost life have been attributed to cardiov

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Research Update

Lithium in Geriatric Depression

Topics: Depression | Depressive Disorder | Geriatric Psychiatry | Lithium | Psychopharmacology | Treatment-Resistant Depression

REVIEW OF: Buspavanich P et al, J ­Affect Disord 2019;251:136–140 TYPE OF STUDY: Prospective, non-randomized controlled trial Augmentation with lithium has long been established as an effective strategy for refractory depression, but how does it fare in geriatric patients? There is a dearth of evidence on lithium in the geriatric population, which

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Article

Ask the Editor: Should You Prescribe Lithium to Suicidal Patients?

Topics: Lithium | Pharmacology | Suicidality

Dear Dr. Aiken: You recommended lithium for suicidal patients in the TCPR 2018 summer issue, but isn’t there a risk of overdose with this strategy? Dr. Aiken: From firearms to bridges, the suicide rate goes down when we erect barriers to the means. Barriers work because suicidal impulses are brief, lasting only 1–2 hours on average. It

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