Novel Medications

Research Update

Gabapentin Enacarbil XR Efficacy Less Than Expected for AUD

Topics: Addiction | Addiction Treatment | Alcohol | Alcohol use disorder | Alcoholism | Clinical practice | extended-release | Medication | Novel Medications | Pharmacology | Psychopharmacology | Research Update

Review of: Falk DE et al, Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019;43(1):158–169 Gabapentin enacarbil extended-release (GE-XR) (Horizant) is an extended-release version of gabapentin. GE-XR is a prodrug, meaning that once ingested it is metabolized into gabapentin. It is currently approved for treatment of postherpetic neuralgia and restless legs syndrome. It di

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Expert Q&A

Getting Uncomfortable with Esketamine

Topics: Antidepressant Augmentation | Antidepressants | Brain Devices | Depression | Depressive Disorder | ECT | Esketamine | Ketamine | Neurotoxicity | Novel Medications | rTMS | Suicidality | TMS | Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Esketamine (Spravato) was approved for treatment-resistant depression in 2019. In this interview, Dr. Williams (who has no relationship with Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc) addresses some lingering doubts that have been raised about the medicine. TCPR: Where does esketamine fit in the list of interventional therapies for depression, like repetitive trans

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Research Update

Anti-Inflammatories as Antidepressants?

Topics: Antidepressants | Depression | Inflammation | Novel Medications | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Review of: Köhler-Forsberg O et al, Acta Psych Scand 2019;139(5):404–419 Study Type: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Several lines of evidence suggest that chronic inflammation contributes to depression. For example, markers of inflammation tend to be elevated in depressed patients, and inflammatory syndromes elicit depressive sym

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News of Note

A New Dopamine and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor for Excessive Sleepiness

Topics: Novel Medications | Pharmacology | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders

Solriamfetol (Sunosi), a new dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (DNRI), has been approved by the FDA “to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea.” The medication has never been studied in psychiatry, but is likely to have important psychiatric ­effects

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Research Update

New Augmentation Strategies in OCD

Topics: Amphetamines | Novel Medications | OCD | Pharmacology

Review of: Naderi S, Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2019;73(4):169–174 and Zheng H et al, Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2019;29(3):397–404 Study types: Positive RCTs Serotonergic agents—both SSRIs and clomipramine—have historically been the cornerstone of pharmacotherapy for OCD. However, response rates are notoriously low, and few patients achieve full

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