Novel Medications

Research Update

Gabapentin Enacarbil XR Efficacy Less Than Expected for AUD

Topics: Addiction | Addiction Treatment | Alcohol | Alcohol use disorder | Alcoholism | Clinical practice | extended-release | Medication | Novel Medications | Pharmacology | Psychopharmacology | Research Update

Review of: Falk DE et al, Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019;43(1):158–169 Gabapentin enacarbil extended-release (GE-XR) (Horizant) is an extended-release version of gabapentin. GE-XR is a prodrug, meaning that once ingested it is metabolized into gabapentin. It is currently approved for treatment of postherpetic neuralgia and restless legs syndrome. It di

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Expert Q&A

Getting Uncomfortable with Esketamine

Topics: Antidepressant Augmentation | Antidepressants | Brain Devices | Depression | Depressive Disorder | ECT | Esketamine | Free Articles | Ketamine | Neurotoxicity | Novel Medications | rTMS | Suicidality | TMS | Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Esketamine (Spravato) was approved for treatment-resistant depression in 2019. In this interview, Dr. Williams (who has no relationship with Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc) addresses some lingering doubts that have been raised about the medicine. TCPR: Where does esketamine fit in the list of interventional therapies for depression, like repetitive tra

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Clinical Update

The Modafinils in Bipolar Depression

Topics: ArModafinil | Bipolar Disorder | Borderline Personality Disorder | BPD | Modafinil | Novel Medications | Nuvigil | Personality Disorders | Provigil | Psychopharmacology

Your patient has recovered enough from bipolar depression to leave the hospital, but not enough to return to work. He is inactive, he can’t concentrate, and it takes him 4 hours to wake up in the morning. What can you add to his regimen of lithium, lamotrigine, and lurasidone? Modafinil (Provigil) and armodafinil (Nuvigil) are wakefulness-promoting

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Clinical Update

Nuplazid: Novel Mechanism, Modest Benefits

Topics: Dopamine | Geriatric Psychiatry | Neurology | Novel Medications | Nuplazid | Parkinson’s

Psychosis can be a paralyzing dilemma for patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Most antipsychotics worsen the motor symptoms of PD, while the dopaminergic drugs that treat PD can worsen the psychosis. Psychosis afflicts up to 60% of patients with PD, and it is the leading cause of nursing home placement in these patients (Hacksell U et al, Neuroche

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Research Update

Antipsychotics Fall Short in Delirium

Topics: Dopamine | Geriatric Psychiatry | Neurology | Novel Medications | Nuplazid | Parkinson’s

Review: Oh ES et al, Ann Intern Med 2019;171(7):474–484; Nikooie R et al, Ann Intern Med 2019;171(7):485–495 Study type: Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials and prospective studies Delirium is common and costly. With an incidence rate approaching 50% in hospitalized older adults, the condition poses a burden that is anticipated

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Research Update

Anti-Inflammatories as Antidepressants?

Topics: Antidepressants | Depression | Inflammation | Novel Medications | Treatment-Resistant Depression

Review of: Köhler-Forsberg O et al, Acta Psych Scand 2019;139(5):404–419 Study Type: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Several lines of evidence suggest that chronic inflammation contributes to depression. For example, markers of inflammation tend to be elevated in depressed patients, and inflammatory syndromes elicit depressive sym

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News of Note

A New Dopamine and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor for Excessive Sleepiness

Topics: Novel Medications | Pharmacology | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders

Solriamfetol (Sunosi), a new dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (DNRI), has been approved by the FDA “to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea.” The medication has never been studied in psychiatry, but is likely to have important psychiatric ­effects

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Research Update

New Augmentation Strategies in OCD

Topics: Amphetamines | Novel Medications | OCD | Pharmacology

Review of: Naderi S, Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2019;73(4):169–174 and Zheng H et al, Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2019;29(3):397–404 Study types: Positive RCTs Serotonergic agents—both SSRIs and clomipramine—have historically been the cornerstone of pharmacotherapy for OCD. However, response rates are notoriously low, and few patients achieve full

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