Clinical Update

The 3 Ds of Geriatric Psychiatry: Depression, Delirium, and Dementia

Topics: Apathy | Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) | Delirium | Dementia | Depression | Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) | MMSE | MOCA | SLUMS

Both common yet elusive, symptoms of depression, dementia, and delirium may overlap in older adults, proving a diagnostic challenge. Even more confounding, these three disorders—the 3 Ds—frequently present simultaneously (Downing LJ et al, Curr Psychiatry Rep 2013;15(6):365). This article will review key features to help distinguish between these di

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