More than 75% of cases of child abuse in the US involve neglect, according toa consensus report from the Institute of Medicine released in September 2013.In the report, neglect is defined as fail- ing to provide food, clothing, adequate supervision, protection from known dangers, safe/hygienic shelter, educa- tion, medical care, or nurturing/affec- tion. Among the risk factors identified are parental issues such as depression, per- sonality disorder, or substance abuse; young and/or single parents; and con- textual factors including poverty, vio- lence, social isolation, and stress. Those children most at risk are ages three and younger.
Childhood neglect can lead to vari- ous long-term negative outcomes, both psychological and social, including poor social relationships and risky behav-ior. The report’s authors suggest a more coordinated approach to conducting child abuse research in order to better inform policy.
The study can be read at http://bit. ly/17T4sF3.
Report: 10% of high school seniors “extreme” binge drinkers
Ten percent of high school seniors report drinking more than 10 drinks at one time, and 5.6% report drinking more than 15, according to a recent study in JAMA Pediatrics (Patrick ME et al, Online First September 16, 2013). Twenty percent reporting drinking 5+ drinks in one sitting, which is the traditional definition of “binge drinking.”
These data are a result of a nationally representative sample of high school seniors gathered as part of the annu- al Monitoring the Future study between 2005 and 2011. Use of other substances, such as cigarettes and marijuana, pre- dicted all three levels of excess drinking.
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